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总叙 Outline

媒体:原创  作者:山野樵客
发布:山野樵客

2011/5/8 14:53:32 发布

 

dìzǐguī shèngrénxùn shǒuxiàotì cìjǐnxìn

弟子规 圣人训 首孝弟 次谨信

Di Zi Gui or Standards for Being a Good Student and Child33 is a book that was taught by Chinese saints and sages of the ancient past. The book first teaches us how to be dutiful to our parents, and how to be respectful and loving to our siblings.34 It then teaches us how to be cautious with all people, matters, and objects in our daily lives; how to be a trustworthy person; and to believe in the teachings of the ancient saints and sages.35

《弟子规》是中国古圣先贤的教诲。首先它教导我们该怎么孝顺父母和尊重敬爱我们的兄弟姐妹。然后它教我们在日常生活中,对所有人、事、物,要如何保持小心谨慎,要我们做一个有信用的人,教我们要相信古圣先贤的教诲。

fànàizhòng érqīnrén yǒuyúlì zéxuéwén

泛爱众 而亲仁 有余力 则学文

Furthermore, it teaches us to love all equally, and to be close to and learn from people of virtue and compassion. Only when we have accomplished all the above can we then study further and learn literature and art to improve the quality of our cultural and spiritual lives.

接着它教导我们应该要平等的去爱护一切众生,要亲近仁慈、有德行的人,向他们学习。我们必须先把自己本份内的责任都做到了,如还有剩余的时间和精力,才可以更进一步学习研究文学艺术,来提升自己的精神生活质量。

33 Sourced from Analects of Confucius, Book I, Chapter 6. It was taught by Confucius, Mencius, and other Chinese saints and sages of the ancient past.摘自于《论语》学而第一篇第六章,是孔子,孟子以及其他中国古圣先贤所教导的。
34 “Xiao” and “Ti” have been the very foundation of Chinese culture for five thousand years. Xiao () means to be dutiful to one’s parents with affection, and to understand the basic relationship of grandparents, parents and self. In ideogram form, xiao has two components – the top part of xiao is the top portion of the word elder () and the bottom part is the word son (). Combined into one, it implies that the older generation and the younger generation are one: there should be no gap between them. In Buddhism, the meaning is further extended. Outside the family, the child should treat every male and female of the parents’ generation as if they were the child’s own father or mother. Ti () means sincere fraternal love. Here the term refers to the principle and standard of conduct between brothers not only when they are at home but when they are away from home. In Buddhism, its meaning also extends to include conduct towards all older persons of any generation. 孝、弟是中国五千年文化固有的基础。是孝顺。孝的概念是要了解祖父母、父母与自己的关系。把字分开来看,上面与字相同,下面是一个字;表示老一辈跟小一辈是同一体,不像现代人有代沟。更深一步的教导我们平时在外,遇见与父母同辈的长者,要如同对待自己的父母一样。是指兄弟姐妹之间彼此诚心的友爱。在此用来衡量做弟妹的在外对兄长应有的标准原则。同样的在佛法,我们对待同辈的长者也要如同我们自己兄长一样的敬爱。
35 “To believe in the teachings of the ancient saints and sages” means to truly practice and put the teachings of the ancient saints and sages into effect. “是必须要落实古圣先贤在经典里所教诲的,要做到才是真信。

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